Spend a bit of time conversing with a native English speaker, and you’ll discover a whole new set of ‘verbs’, with their own meanings, called phrasal verbs. A phrasal verb is a base verb combined with a preposition or an adverb, or sometimes both. They tend to be informal and are used more commonly in spoken English. With some exceptions, there is often a more formal word with the same meaning in written English. For example: Spoken: He was put off by her rude behaviour. Written: He was sickened by her rude behaviour. Sometimes a phrasal verb has a similar meaning to the base verb, and the adverb merely emphasizes or clarifies the verb, such as: lie down, hurry up, and fall down. More often, however, a phrasal verb has quite a different meaning from the base verb, such as get by (manage), put out (extinguish) and run out of (finished; used it all). For this reason, it is important to add them to your vocabulary. One more note about phrasal verbs – they often have more than one meaning, so it is important to understand the context it is being used in. For example: Please take off (remove) you shoes before coming in. The plane will take off (leave the ground) at 7 a.m. Complete the sentences below with the correct phrasal verb for each verb in parentheses.